Toxoplasma Gondii is a primitive animal found in warm-blooded animals such as dogs, cats, mammals … Toxoplasma can cause serious illness in pregnant women. Many pet cat owners often find ways to give or sell pets during pregnancy for this reason.
But according to veterinarians, it is not easy for Toxoplasma parasites to spread from cats to humans. With scientific precautions, pregnant women can completely keep pets and remain safe.
1.Toxoplasma Gondii parasite in cats
Toxoplasma Gondii is also known as Toxoplasma, T.Gondii, curvature. Can appear on most hot-blooded animals such as dogs, cats … Eggs of parasites in mud, vegetables … enter an intermediate host such as birds, mice, cows, goats … When cats eat meat of these animals, parasites will infect cats.
In some animals (like dogs), Toxoplasma eggs are not excreted in the environment. So it is not possible to spread the disease. Meanwhile, they easily grow and lay eggs in the cat’s intestinal tract. Then excreted through the stool. Wild cats have a higher prevalence of parasites than cats.
Toxoplasma disease is called Toxoplasmosis. When the cat is sick, the serum, fluid and cerebrospinal fluid will appear as a specific antibody. Based on the antibody ratio, doctors can judge the cat’s infection level.
2. The way to infect Toxoplasma parasites
When cats go to the toilet, parasite eggs are taken out of the body. When people come into contact with cat hair, cat waste, saliva or body fluids can become infected.
However, the Toxoplasma Gondii parasite can easily infect humans when in natural environments. The main route is due to eating raw / re-cooked meat, exposed to mud or eating unwashed fruits and vegetables.
The rate of infection due to uncooked food is much higher than that of cats. In many areas, people have a high incidence of disease related to eating habits.
3. Cats are very difficult to get parasites Toxoplasma Gondii
According to many studies, the prevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii infection in cats is very low. At Najiya Animal Clinics, Beijing’s largest veterinary hospital in China, the number of cats infected every year accounts for only 2-3%.
The reason is that cats live in cities often very clean. They mostly eat cat food, or cat food. Many cats rarely go out on the streets. Thus significantly reducing the risk of parasites.
In families with many cats, although living in the same house, not all cats are infected.
It takes up to 2 weeks for the parasite to enter the body to produce the follicle and begin to cause illness. The follicle after getting out of the body takes at least 1 day or several days to spread the infection. Unless you do not do a good job of cleaning and waste for a few days to clean up. If not very few cats get sick.
4. Disease prevention for pregnant women
Regularly clean cat litter boxes. After the cat goes to the toilet, he must sing stool and waste immediately. Bathe and brush your cat regularly. Clean hygiene is the best way to prevent disease.
Toxoplasma Gondii parasites are only transmitted by mouth. Whether it is in cats or people. Therefore, if washing your hands after exposure to cat waste, the proportion of people infected is extremely small.
Toxoplasma Gondii parasites are completely treatable. Although the process is relatively complicated, it only takes about a few weeks. Thanks to some specific medications that are taken by mouth or intravenously.
Regardless of whether people or cats must stay away from raw foods. Enhance environmental sanitation. Pregnant women stay away from areas where cats often go to, avoid kissing cats, contacting cat litter trays, and not bathing cats. Avoid contact with sick cats.