* Hatching technique
After two years of breeding, the youngster reaches maturity and begins to reproduce. However, from 3rd to 4th years, the bird’s reproductive capacity is stable and the hatching rate is better. The female begins to lay from early spring to late summer. Average egg size:
+ Yellow Cheek: 8 – 12 eggs / year
+Indian Company: 25 – 35 eggs / year
Average incubation time: 26 – 27 days
There are three basic ways of hatching:
+ For the female to self-incubation (success rate: 40 – 50%)
+ Birds and other chickens (success rate: 50 – 60%)
+ Using hammer machine:
The best way and the highest incidence of hatching is the use of industrial incubators (for incubation of chicken eggs and duck eggs). If the quality of embryo is good, the technical procedure can reach 85%.
In fact, the study of hatcheries in Vietnam shows that the best way to maintain the hatchability is as follows:
+ After laying eggs in cool place
+ Waiting time for incubation:
– Between 7 and 10 days for the first egg
– Between 3 and 5 days for mid-season eggs, at the end of the crop
Temperature of incubation
+ From the first 7 days maintain: 37 – 38.2 degrees C
+ From 7 – 15: 36.5 – 37 degrees C
+ From 15 – 20: Temperature: 36.2 – 36, 5 degrees Celsius
+ From 20-27: Stable temperature at: 36, 2 degrees Celsius
Humidity: 60 – 70%. It is possible to adjust the humidity depending on the hatching period (lower moisture with early eggs, mid-season, increased moisture with late-season eggs)
Bird care during growth periods
Chim Cong is omnivorous: Main food: rice, corn, combined with synthetic bran for poultry. Also eat green vegetables.
Use feeding troughs for chicken, duck for food, bird feed. Replacement of water once a day (if no automatic drinking system). Regular cleaning of feeding troughs, drinking to blame the pathogens harmful to birds.
Young birds are collected from the incubator in small cages. The bedding is lined or treated with golden sand. When the new bird hatches to maintain stable housing temperature: 25 – 30 degrees Celsius. When 20-30 days old reduce the temperature to 24 – 26 degrees Celsius
After 30 days of age the temperature is stable at 18 – 20 degrees Celsius. At this time can use larger cages, floor cages can use small mesh lattice.Newly hatched birds have the ability to feed themselves like chickens, feeds using 100% synthetic bran for chickens.
After 30 days of age can be fed with corn, grinding rice (70% combined bran, 30%). Use small chopped green vegetables (spinach, vegetables, veggies …)
As the birds grow, the rate of synthetic bran will be adjusted downwardly. When birds reach 6-8 months, they can be raised in large cages with sandy floor (as designed in section 3). At this time, the rate of complementary bran is only about 50% is reasonable. Do not overfeed your bird’s diets to lose its natural resistance, while reducing the pigmentation of the coat.
By the time the bird reaches maturity, it uses bird’s compound bran (bran for laying hens). Combined food supplement: corn, whole grain. Enhance green vegetables, feeding regularly to birds increase resistance as well as have the best coat.
Common diseases, prevention and treatment for the public
When young birds are hatched, they use some antibiotics to control bird diseases, such as prevention and treatment of chickens. For example: From 1 to 2 weeks of age: Streptomycin, 3-5 weeks of age with: pox Fowl … Or some broad spectrum antibiotics such as oxytetracyline … (for direct drinking, food, water The rate on the package)
+ Diseases caused by intestinal infection: (green manure, white stool …). Disease caused by E. coli
+ Hemorrhagic septicemia, leptospirosis, atrophy
+ Facial swelling, edema
+ Respiratory depression (pneumonia, wheezing)
+ Skin parasitic diseases: Using special medication to treat dogs, cats spray directly on birds (avoid the eyes)
Blurred vision of the eye causes blindness (vaccination)
* To avoid risks during farming. Farmers should vaccinate birds for seasonal or age-appropriate vaccines (eg Gumboro, cholera …).
Basically how to prevent and treat bird diseases is like prevention and treatment of poultry. It is possible to use antibiotics from poultry that are sold at veterinary clinics to treat the bird as directed on the package. Or use the dose = 1.5 to 2 times the room dose. Remember to buy drugs from reputable manufacturers on the market to avoid buying counterfeit bad quality. Currently, our camp is using drugs mainly by BIO, BAYER production and distribution. One advantage of prevention and treatment is that Chim Cong is essentially a wild animal, so it is less susceptible to disease and treatment is simpler.
During the breeding process, care should be taken to clean the piggery, spray disinfectants periodically at the cages and adjacent areas. Monitor the weather for the best protection of the housing.
- About Economic Value
Since the birds are now mainly raised for farming, the subjects are households, farms, villace garden. Customers are high income people, stable economy. In addition, the peacock is mainly used for ecotourism, conservation center … Due to limited supply in the Vietnamese market, the price of this bird is quite stable and high. Bird Market Price in 2011: + 2 – 3 months: 5 million VND / pair + 4 – 6 months: 8 million VND / pair 7-9 months: 10 million VND / pair + Kinds of growing up: 20-25 million vnd / pair With good reproduction ability, the hatching rate is quite high. On average, a female can raise from 20 to 30 million VND a year from selling herd The cost of food, veterinary medicine, labor, depreciation of stables is negligible, low risk, stable price and tend to increase in the coming years. No competition from the market because this is a completely new model in Vietnam.
Common diseases when breeding the birds
Raising the Bird is not only a profession that brings high economic value (a kind of super profit in Vietnam’s current livestock species). Besides, it also actively contributes to the conservation of rare and precious bird genes in particular and wildlife in general.